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Journal 11/17
 

Efficacy of behavior modification and yoga among the adolescent
Srimannarayana Rao Kothuri
Research Scholar, Department of Psychology and Parapsychology
Andhra University
              
MVR Raju, Professor, Department of sychology  and Parapsychology,
Andhra University    
Email:mvrrajuau@gmail.com




 
Efficacy of Behavior modification and Yoga module was aimed to facilitate adolescent students diagnosed with Emotional and Behavioural problems. The purposive sample for the current study consisted of 47 adolescents (Boys=22, Girls=25) selected from Sree Konaseema Specialities Hospital, Amalapuram, East Godavari of Andhra Pradesh. Youth Self Report developed by Achenbach (2001) was used. The tool assesses emotional and behavioral problems of adolescents between 11-18 yrs. Statistical tests used for the present study included Mean, Standard Deviation, t-test and Paired Sample t-test. The results observed a significant difference between pre-test and post-test measures of Emotional and Behavioral problems on the application of Behavior Modification and Yoga module as an intervention for the adolescent students.
 
Keywords: Adolescent, Behaviour Modification, Efficacy, Yoga and Emotion
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf yoga.pdf English 118 KO
Anthropometry & dental caries among intellectually disabled
Dr. Nikita Goyal
Post graduate student
Dept of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College & 
Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar
Goyal.nikita26@gmail.com
 
Dr. Simarpreet Singh
M.D.S, Head of Department
Dept of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College &
Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar
drsimarpreet@gmail.com 
  
Dr. Anmol Mathur
M.D.S, Reader
Dept of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College &
Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar
dranmolmathur@gmail.com
 
Dr. Diljot Kaur Makkar
M.D.S, Senior Lecturer
Dept of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College &
Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar
djpublichealthdentist@gmail.com
 
Dr. Vikram Pal Aggarwal
Senior Lecturer
Dept of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar
Email:drvikramaggarwal@yahoo.com   
Background and objectives
 
Intellectually disabled (ID) children are at a high risk for developing malnutrition which results in poor oral health. The aim of the present study is to assess and compare the anthropometric measures and oral health status of intellectually disabled and normal children.
 
Methods
 
A case-control study was conducted from March to May 2015, among 2-5 year old ID children in Sriganganagar, Rajasthan, India. The study sample comprised of 150 cases and controls each. The data was recorded during a face to face interview by two examiners (k= 0.81). A proforma gathered information regarding the type of disability, socio-demographic factors, sweet score and oral hygiene habits. The socio-economic status (SES) was assessed according to the revised Kuppuswamy’s SES scale. The clinical examination included anthropometric measures and the dmft index.
 
Results
 
In the study group 71 (47.33%), 45 (30%) and 34 (22.6%) children had mild, moderate and severe disability, respectively. Around 95 (63.3%) of the parents were graduates or had higher education qualification. Around 88 (58.70%) subjects were living in a nuclear family. A significant difference was reported among cases and controls in relation to Body Mass Index and sugar scores (p<0.05).  The dmft was found to be greater among cases compared to controls with respect to underweight and normal weight categories (p<0.05).
 
Conclusions
 
The present paired study uncovered the poor nutritional and oral health status of the ID children as compared to their siblings which was influenced by the disability and Intelligence Quotient levels. Due to limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior of ID children there is an urgent need of strategies to be implemented by the public health dentist  towards making a balance between oral and nutritional health status of this group, including health education for their parents or guardians.
 
Key words: Intellectually disabled- siblings- nutritional status- anthropometry
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf Goyal.pdf English 164 KO
An understanding of basic mathematical concepts by students with mild intellectual disabilities through the use of online digital games
John Manginas¹, Constantinos Nikolantonakis².
 
¹Special education teacher (msc -Bilingual Special Education), 1st Primary school, Filippiada, Preveza, Greece, johnmagginas@yahoo.gr
 
²Associate Professor, Department of Primary Education of the University of Western Macedonia, Florina, Greece, kostas_nikolan2000@yahoo.gr
The purpose of this research is to examine the influence of a special education program, incorporating online digital games, on the understanding of basic mathematical concepts by students with mild intellectual disabilities. The research involved four students (one girl and three boys) with mild intellectual disabilities divided into two groups, an experimental (combined intervention) and a control group (standard intervention). The students' performance was assessed before the intervention program, immediately after the end of the program and two weeks after the completion of the intervention. Based on the results, improved performance was observed in the experimental group’s students, in the areas of intervention, in relation to the students in the control group. The experimental group’s students continued to perform at high standards, contrary to those of the control group. The findings show that the teaching approach integrating online digital games has a positive impact on the understanding of basic mathematical concepts by students with mild intellectual disabilities.
 
Keywords: Mild intellectual disability, mathematical performance, basic mathematical concepts, online digital games.
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf manginas-nikolantonakis.pdf English 286 KO
Degree of intellectual disability, socio-demographic factors and manual dexterity as determinants of the periodontal status of intellectually disabled (ID) individuals
Dr. Puneet Kaur
Post graduate student
Department of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India
Phone.: +91-9636007605
Email: puneet_55555@yahoo.com
 
Dr. Simarpreet Singh
Professor and H.O.D
Department of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar,Rajasthan, India
 
Dr. Anmol Mathur
Associate Professor
Department of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India
 
Dr. Diljot Kaur Makkar
Senior Lecturer
Department of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar,Rajasthan, India
 
Dr. Vikram Pal Aggarwal
M.D.S, Senior Lecturer
Department of Public Health Dentistry
Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sri Ganganagar,Rajasthan, India
Objectives: This study aims to assess the degree of intellectual disability, socio-demographic factors and manual dexterity as determinants of the periodontal state of the intellectually disabled (ID) of the north western part of India.
 
Methods: A cross-sectional study of questionnaires was carried out between 150 subjects via face-to-face interviews by two examiners (k = 0.86), on the type of disability, socio-demographic factors and oral hygiene habits. Clinical examination was conducted for manual dexterity and periodontal health assessment.
 
Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the ID subgroups in terms of gender, number of siblings, income, habits, visit to the dentist, reason for visit to the dentist and manual dexterity of brushing .
 
The mean plaque, gingival and CPITN score scores of severely disabled subjects were significantly higher.
 
Conclusions: Periodontal health is a major problem for schoolchildren with disabilities; Therefore, oral health promotion programs should target institutions and parents of children with disabilities
 
Keywords: Intellectual disability, Socio-demographic factors, Manual dexterity, IQ, Periodontal status
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf puneet-manuscript.pdf English 192 KO
Swimming together - A splendid experience
Dr. T.Saraswathi DevM.A; PhD, Founder & Executive Director Lebenshilfe (regd) India, Distinguished Member Scientific Committee  (EJID- European Journal of Intellectual Disability) Switzerland, Intensive in-service trainee Lebenshilfe Germany in the field of mental retardation,Member,IASE 9USA)


 



 
This paper throws light on the invisible inner feelings of most of the parents, especially mothers of the mentally handicapped, that are normally hidden and not expressed, for fear of getting break-ups in the on-going family relations and constraints in the  continued-marital tie ups.
 
India’s Social Structure is different from that of other advanced countries. Ancient India carries a great traditional treasure consisting of  invaluable cultural heritage. Most  of the Indian families prefer to live under the  control of one family head, honoring the traditionally structured family system. Principle of obedience play a greater role and family members are abide to certain verbal and unwritten rules by habitual practice. They love to follow simply what parents say ( sons) and daughters in-law are expected to follow what their husband says. The in-laws act as custodians and administer the family affairs. This  time-honored practice is imbibed in the Indian culture and this tradition is being transmitted from generation to generation.
The strong convictions and unchanged attitude of the elderly started bringing plenty of problems in due course of time causing confusion and greater misunderstanding in the day to day family affairs. Non-attention or negative expression  of the daughters-in-law to in-laws result in splits in the family and even to separation of wife and husband.
 
Families having a kid with mental retardation is not an exception from this situation. This blind-belief traditional practice started hitting the  confidence of the parents greatly, especially mothers, creating  plenty of parent-related problems, such as worry, tension, fear, disappointment, feeling of insecurity etc that encircle the whole family. If these problems are neglected and not given proper attention they may turn into major family-centered issues and affect the whole family breaking into pieces.
 
It is evident that difficulties do not arise from external environment. They spring out only from the structured- goals and un-matching demands of either the in-laws or sometimes the parents themselves. Mothers that are caught in the conventional and traditional family framework  become tongue-tied and greatly inept as their lives are more thretened and questioned for  security. Such mothers must be brought out of the age-old structured-family-system that keeps them under the firm fist of meddle ling mothers in-law.
This requires  brimming confidence in such mothers to help them realize their inner power and to know their parental responsibilities properly. A sense of awareness creation and understanding promotion is highly essential.
 
For this purpose  several Symposiums and various workshops were organized at Lebenshilfe  to answer the questions raised by parents, to address their concerns and also to help them advocate the causes ,voicing their opinions. 
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf Swimming_Together.pdf English 193 KO
Sentence discontinuous constituents and implicit learning limitations in Down Syndrome
Jean Adolphe Rondal
University of Liège
Department of Cognitive sciences, B-32 Sart Tilman 4000 Liège, Belgium.
Email: jeanarondal@skynet.be
Children with Down syndrome experiment specific difficulties in morphosyntactical development. In particular, they demonstrate marked shortcomings in handling discontinuous constituents in sentences. It is suggested that these shortcomings stem from a conjugated deficit in some aspects of implicit procedural learning and relational semantics.Recommendations are made for rehabilitative intervention.

Keywords: syntactical development, grammatical morphology, semantical development, implicit procedural learning, artificial grammar.
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf Sentence_discontinuous_constituents.pdf English 532 KO
Beyond the organization. Burnout and psychogeriatric work in the globalisation era
Ennio Cocco
MD, MHEM
Psychiatre NEPsySMAB (Granges/Marnand - Lausanne) Suisse
Fondation OVE (Décines-Charpieu) France
 
Correspondance: Ennio Cocco, MD, MEGS.
A.D.A.P.E.I. de l’Ain, CENORD, 10 rue Marc Seguin, 01100 Bourg-en-Bresse Cedex, France.
Phone: 0033 / 4  /74421050
Email: ennio.cocco@adapei01.asso.fr
 
Initially confined to care and school settings, the burnout phenomenon has now spread to all work settings within the labour market.
 
Moreover, in the near future, the demographic shift will take its toll, even on health professions. Globalisation-induced migration flows will cause major    problems since professionals from different cultures will have different education and training backgrounds.
 
Burnout research therefore needs to become broader in scope. The problem of burnout must no longer be approached merely from a psychological or psychosocial angle. Instead, research should take labour market changes into account as well.
 
In psychiatric and gerontological fields, labour market variables will play a major role. They may even become every bit as relevant as specific variables linked to work processes (e.g. challenging behavior).
 
A multidisciplinary approach to the study of burnout is needed, one in which not only physicians, psychologists and social caregivers but also economists, social policy experts, sociologists exchange information and work together.

Key-words: Burnout, psychogeriatrics, health services, globalisation
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf Burnout-Globalisation.pdf English 255 KO
The broken mirror
Maïa Cloé Vella

35 rue Saint Antoine 69003 LYON  
Tél: +33 06 65 47 12 88
Email: maia.vella@univ-lyon2.fr

Etudiante en Master 2 Psychologie Clinique et Psychopathologie à l’Université d’Aix-Marseille

Master 1 Psychologie Clinique Psychanalytique, Université Lumière Lyon II 

 
This work is based on a nine month clinical experience in a adult psychiatric day hospital. I was participating in a talking group made up of patients with very different pathologies. I’ve decided to center this work on a patient in particular: Julien. On one hand, his way of seeing life seemed to be a lot different from mine, which was raising my interest. One the other hand, the countertransference he caused on the group and myself was also raising my interest. Julien is a carrier of the Asperger syndrome, trouble of the autistic spectrum. This syndrome is characterised by a lack of social comprehension, a limited capacity to communicate with others and a strong interest for a field in particular. Social learning of people with Asperger syndrome could be compared to scholar learning considering the time, focus and energy it demands (Attwood, 2006).    
   
We can intuitively think that, with a difficulty to have defined and stable intern groupality, being in a groupal setting will have intense effects for someone with Asperger. H. Asperger himself was saying that the behaviour of children with Asperger within a social group is the « clearer sign of their trouble » (1944)2. We can question the effects of a groupality, intersubjective exchanges on Julien’s subjectivity ; but also the effects Julien can cause on this groupality.

Key-words: Asperger Syndrome, Group Analysis, Day Therapy Center

1 Cité dans ATTWOOD T., Le syndrome d’Asperger, guide complet, p.56. À partir de : ASPERGER H. (1944), Postencephalitische Persönlichkeitsstörungen, Münch med Wschr. 91, pp. 114-117.

2 Cité dans ATTWOOD T., Le syndrome d’Asperger, guide complet, p.56. À partir de : ASPERGER H. (1944), Postencephalitische Persönlichkeitsstörungen, Münch med Wschr. 91, pp. 114-117.
PDF Fichier Langue Taille
 pdf Le_mirroir_casse.pdf French 255 KO
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