|Article 1 1-19|
The present thesis deals with the theory of sensory integration in preschool children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders. Autistic Spectrum Disorders are autism, Asperger's Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Child Disruptive Disorder and Diffuse developmental disorder not otherwise specified. Initially, basic concepts are presented such as autism’s definition; a brief historical review of the term, the epidemiological characteristics and information on the etiology of the disorder. Early childhood symptoms, as well as detection tools for early diagnosis, are also reported, with the ultimate goal of initiating intervention. Subsequently are presented the most common, well-known and widely accepted, therapeutic approaches to deal disorder, focusing on Sensory Integration, which aims to cope with the difficulties encountered in autistic children’s everyday life and focuses on the development of the respective skills. Our research was aimed at recording and evaluating the sensory problems faced by children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). For this purpose, the Sensory Profile Questionnaire, a Sensory Profile Test based tool, was provided to parents of children with ASD. In the majority of cases, the results of this research confirm the corresponding international literature, according to which children with ASD appear to have difficulties in processing information they receive from the environment.
|Article 2 1-19|
The perception of the environment is the basis of our empirical knowledge of the outside world. Passed through the filter of learning, memories, personal experiences, it gives meaning to what is observed and is a prerequisite for any action. We review the five senses as described by people with autism, in order to show that they often perceive the environment through a filter system that can reduce or enhance certain senses, or even mix them (synesthesia). As a result, the coding of their sensations can differ significantly from that of so-called "neurotypical" people. Regarding the sense of touch, many people with autism do not support contact with other people, even with certain clothes. On the contrary, others feel good only in tight clothes or tight spaces. The senses of taste and smell show the predominance of hypersensitivity of autistic people, which generally makes them prefer foods that are bland or not very fragrant to avoid sensory saturation. The sense of hearing seems to have an antagonistic treatment. Most people with autism seek calm because they cannot regulate the sound flow that reaches them, but this deregulation also affects some low-intensity sounds, such as hubbub, which are then perceived as invasive. The sense of sight can be perturbated by hallucinations, making it difficult to understand the outside world, whether it is the sense of orientation or the difficulty of recognizing faces. The representation of the outside world by autistic people is therefore often strongly altered, even distorted, which affects their way of being and acting. Knowledge of this particular mode of perception should help explain some of the absurd behaviors of people with autism and take this into account to better guide their care.
Keywords: autism, perception, sense, dysperception, synesthesia
|Article 2 2-19|
|Article 3 1-19|
The present study investigated the differences in Visuo-motor functions between mild and moderate intellectually disabled persons by using Bender Gestalt Test. The sample consists of 10 each in mild and moderate intellectually disabled group. The results showed that the two groups differed significantly on the domain – overlap. Also, on the overall scores, the moderate intellectual disability group showed more deficits in Visuo-motor functioning than the mild intellectual disability group. Thus, it is concluded that Visuo-motor functioning deteriorates with lowering of IQ.
Keywords: Visuo-motor, mild and moderate intellectual disability, Williams Syndrome, Bender-Gestaltt Test
|Article 3 2-19|
Shubham Patidar, MA Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal
Archana Sharma, MA Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal
Bhupinder Singh, Prof & Head Department of Psychology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal - Madhya Pradesh. Pin – 462026.
|Article 4 1-19|
This work describes and discusses situations that are about 10 years old, the reality has changed in several directions. The usefulness of this presentation is quite simply and modestly to make people think about human conditions of residents but also educators, as well as the regulations that had tried to give space to the privacy and emotional needs of people with disabilities. A look at the past can help to calm down critical work because it is less caught up in passions and partisanship and therefore more useful and adequate.
Sexuality is a right recognized for every human being. There are as many sexualities as there are individuals. From these two statements flows a third one, namely that people with disabilities have the right to sexuality and emotional life.
This raises an important question: in the institution, in the professional practice of the educator, what attitude to adopt, how to support the sexual and emotional life, whatever it may be, of the residents?
It is not a question of studying the sexuality of disabled people, of looking for the behaviour of a particular resident, but of knowing, as an accompanying professional, as an authority, how to accompany the resident, as we do for his other needs, food, health, leisure, work and others.
« We are not born disabled, we become disabled through the eyes of others and through social norms. » How do we look at people with disabilities? What is the weight of the latter and its role in marginalization, what interrogations and integration for these dependent people? « How can we educate people's visions, change their mentalities and their reductive images? »
Being disabled is neither a choice nor a natural state, it is an experience often carried over a lifetime, a continuous adaptation, sometimes made difficult because of inadequate means. In this context, is sexuality a legitimate right to which the person with a disability can claim? If so, what can be done and how far can it go in the case of people with severe disabilities, who request it, in the most satisfactory way possible? Some countries have responded to it, and whether or not we agree with it, it does exist.
Keywords: Sexuality, mental disability, human rights, emotional life, intimacy
|Article 4 2-19|
Farida Khames Chassot, Specialized educator